New report highlights need for cross-domain transport security standards

  • New Report Highlights the Need for a Cross-Domain Security Assurance Framework for Automated Systems to Ensure the Safe Introduction of Automated Transportation Systems
  • Adopting this framework would enable faster and safer national deployment of technology in the UK, which is expected to be worth £700 billion globally by 2030
  • Findings recommend the need for an industry-government and academic body responsible for security assurance as well as scenarios available to stakeholders and regulators
  • The report calls for a codified set of rules to define safe and acceptable behavior for automated transport systems as well as an evolving safety assurance framework

A new reportLink opens in a new window pioneered by WMG, Dr Siddartha Khastgir of the University of WarwickLink opens in a new window identifies the need for a cross-domain security assurance framework to ensure the safe introduction of automated transportation systems on land, in the air and at sea.

The report outlines three key elements of the research, standards, and regulations needed for the security framework: test scenarios, test environment, security evidence, and security argument.

The transport sector represents over £100 billion for the UK economy, but with over 2,000 fatalities and over 120,000 injuries each year. Safety remains a key priority.

Connected and autonomous transport, which is expected to be worth over £700bn by 2030, not only has the potential to make travel safer, but also faster and more efficient, contributing to both national health and carbon emissions.

To support the development and adoption of a cross-domain security assurance framework, the report findings recommend the need for a government-industry and academic body responsible for transport system security assurance. autonomous. This will allow for the fertilization of ideas across land, air and sea as everyone works to solve the same set of research and engineering questions.

The report identifies the need for a centralized scenario library to leverage to support standards-based testing. It also highlights the importance of developing a virtual test environment (VTE) for use by regulators as well as a qualification process for VTE and improving the UK’s national digital twin program to achieve this. The findings also call for a codified set of rules to define safe and acceptable behavior for automated transportation systems on land, air and sea, as well as an evolving safety assurance framework.


Dr Siddartha Khastgir commented: “If we are serious about implementing safe automated transport systems, we need to focus on setting high standards for safety assurance and making sure that we are not compete on security. Collaboration will be the key to our success.

“Taking a cross-domain approach to security assurance offers various opportunities and benefits to the ecosystem. First, it allows us to learn from the strengths of the individual domains (land, air, and sea). Then, on a more practical note, the associated tools and procedures for implementing the security assurance framework, such as databases and virtual test environments, can be used in all areas, which makes it profitable. Finally, and most importantly, it avoids triplication by translating learnings and helping to foster relationships between these traditionally siled and independent domains, making the research and deployment of autonomous transportation systems more efficient.

Andrew McKeran, Commercial Director, Maritime Performance Services at Lloyd’s Register Group, said: “There is a significant opportunity for the UK to be a global leader in maritime autonomy, developing a long-term high-tech ecosystem. .

“From a maritime perspective, we need a robust, reliable and usable global assurance framework for the safe operation of autonomous vessels. The result will be trust in the data, trust in the decision-making, and trust in the systems needed to harness the security and economic benefits that autonomy can bring.

We see great opportunity to collaborate with other sectors, primarily aviation and automotive, to learn lessons, mature thinking and, most importantly, develop virtual test environment capabilities for maritime technology applications.

Michael Gadd, Head of Airworthiness at Blue Bear, said: “Aviation has a global perspective and in this sector the UK has considerable capabilities and innovative technologies. These advances are underpinned by innovative safety and regulatory frameworks that continuously build the trust that enables the economic benefits the industry offers, from cutting-edge research and development to the wide range of aircraft operations and everything in between. .

“Developing a cross-industry security assurance framework will enable broader sharing of experience and best practices and help provide the tools and techniques needed to build confidence in high-authority automation and stand-alone systems in a common way, regardless of the end use case.

“This collaborative approach across sectors will develop key skills and knowledge while accelerating the assurance process to deliver demonstrably safe products to market, maximizing opportunities for economic growth and also developing experience-based leadership. in a globally competitive field.”

April 1, 2022

PHOTO CAPTIONS (high resolution available on request):

1. Dr. Siddartha KhastgirLink opens in a new window presents his report

2.L to R: Prof Paul Jennings, Director of Research at WMG; Sarah Gates, Wayve; André Burgess, National Physics Laboratory; Andrew Macmillan, Vertical Aerospace; Michael Gadd, Blue Bear; Jane Fenn, BAE Systems; Ali Chegini, RSSB; Dr. Siddartha Khastgir, WMG.


About WMG, University of Warwick: WMG is a world-leading research and education group, transforming organizations and driving innovation through a unique combination of collaborative research and development and pioneering education programs.

As an international model of successful partnerships between academia and the private and public sectors, WMG develops national and global advances in applied science, technology and engineering to have a real impact on the economic growth, society and the environment.

WMG’s education programs focus on lifelong learning for the brightest talent, from WMG Academies for young engineers, degree, undergraduate and postgraduate apprenticeships, to professional programs.

University of Warwick University Department and HVM Catapult Centre, WMG was founded by the late Professor Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya in 1980 to help reinvigorate British manufacturing and improve competitiveness through innovation and skills development .

WMG has successfully led and participated in national and international collaborations such as OmniCAV, Midlands Future Mobility, Safety PoolMT Scenario database and work on collaborative R&D projects funded by CCAV and Innovate UK. WMG’s research helps influence international standards and regulations through active participation in ISO, ASAM, SAE and UNECE forums.